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Home     Central Gaul, Lingones tribe, Kaletedoy AR quinarius
Central Gaul, Lingones tribe, Kaletedoy AR quinarius

Central Gaul, Lingones tribe, Kaletedoy AR quinarius



Central Gaul, Lingones tribe, Kaletedoy AR quinarius

Period: circa 80-50 BC

Celtic Gaul, Lingones tribe, silver unit or quinarius.

Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma left.
Reverse: Bridled horse running left, [KAL-EDO-Y] around.

Weight: 1,87 grams.

Article code: 13-9407

Available: 1


Price: € 45.00

  • Specifications
  • Additional info
  • Related coins & artefacts
Period
  • Celtic
Category
  • Coins
Material
  • Silver
Coin type
  • Quinarius
Status
  • Webshop
The Lingones were a Celtic tribe with their vast territories straddling the current department of Haute-Marne and parts of the Côte d'Or, de l'Yonne et de l'Aube. The surrounding tribes included the Senones, Leuci, Remi, Suessiones and Aedui. It was one of the largest civitas of Gaul, with their capital called Andematunnum (Lingones), currently the city of Langres in the Haute-Marne. Around 400 BC some of the Lingones migrated across the Alps where they settled in Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy). Together with the Boii and Senones tribes, these Lingones may have been part of the sacking of Rome in 390 BC.

By the first century AD the Gaulish Lingones were thoroughly Romanized and were also minting coins. Their advantageous position at the trade route between the Mediterranean with the far west and north made this an economic vital area with great influence in ancient Gaul, and made them Rome's natural allies. It was with their support that Julius Caesar was able to conquer the northern part of Gaul (Belgica). Together with the Aeduans and Remi, the Lingones were considered to be Caesar's most loyal supporters, offering assistance with putting down the insurrection of Ambiorix and the siege of Alesia.

After the accession of Galba as ruler of the Roman world the Lingones sided with the rebellious legions in the Batavian rebellion (69-70 AD), declaring the independence of Gaul with the Trevirans.

Between the second and first century BC the Lingones took a Roman denarius of P. Cornelius Sulla (151 BC) or of the dictator Sulla (89 BC) as a model for minting a series of silver coins. Because of a Greek inscription on the reverse, these have become known as Kaletedou-type. The significance of the Greek inscriptions has not been explained. On the obverse is a helmeted head of Roma, the Greek inscription on the reverse is classed in 3 types:
- Type 1: legend SVLA KAΛΕΤΕΔΟV
- Type 2: legend KAΛΕΤΕΔΟY
- Type 3: legend abbreviated, sometimes as ΚΑΛ or as the remainder of a pseudo inscription in conjunction with a many-spoked wheel, a circle point decoration, a delta (upside down). .

Collection