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Home     France Royale, Denier Tournois, struck 1285-1290
France Royale, Denier Tournois, struck 1285-1290

France Royale, Denier Tournois, struck 1285-1290



France Royale, Denier Tournois, struck 1285-1290

Philip IV (1285-1314)

Obverse: PHILIPPVS REX around cross.
Reverse: Châtel tournois, TVRONVS CIVIS.

Article code: 12-4501

Available: 0


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A member of the House of Capet, Philip was the son of King Philip III and Isabella of Aragon. He ascended the throne at age 17.

In 1294 hostilities broke out between the French King and his brother-in-law, Edward I, King of England. He also suffered a major military defeat  in Flanders. For the first time in recorded history an army of footsoldiers (Flemish) defeated an army of knights (French army) in the Battle of the Golden Spurs (Goudensporenslag) near Kortrijk on 11 July 1302. The large numbers of golden spurs that were collected from the French knights gave the battle its name. The date of the battle is still the official holiday of the Flemish community in Belgium.

During his reign Philip had to search for income to cover these military expenditures and finance his royal budget. He levied heavy taxes on the French clergy, expelled the Jews from France, annihilated the order of the Knights Templar and debased the coinage. His grandfather had minted a few gold coins (Ecu), but under Philip there was a mass diffusion of gold coinage. Hence his nickname le roi "faux monnayeur", meaning "King counterfeiter".

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