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Home     Graafschap Henegouwen, AR maille, Valenciennes
Graafschap Henegouwen, AR maille, Valenciennes

Graafschap Henegouwen, AR maille, Valenciennes



Graafschap Henegouwen, AR maille, Valenciennes

Johanna van Constantinopel (1205-1244)

Duchy Hainaut, AR Maille, Valenciennes mint.
Struck under the reign of Joan of Constantinople, Countess of Flanders and Hainaut (1205-1244).

Obverse: +VA LE CE NE, monogram of Hainaut.
Reverse: Cross with four crescents.

Article code: 13-9217

Available: 0


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Joan (Johanna or Jeanne) and Margaret of Constantinople were the daughters of Count Baldwin IX of Flanders (also Count Baldwin VI of Hainaut) and of Marie of Champagne. He was one of the most prominent leaders of the Fourth Crusade which resulted in the capture of Constantinople and the foundation of the Latin Empire. He was crowned as the First Emperor of the Latin Empire in Constantinople on 16th of May 1204. After he vanished in 1205, his daughter Joan succeeded as countess of Hainaut and Flanders. Apart from two known coins (denarius and obole), struck under Reginar V (1013-1030), medieval minting in Hainaut commenced under the rule of Countess Joan.

After the death of Countess Joan, her sister Margaret succeeded her as Countess Margaret II of Constantinopel in Hainaut and Flanders (1244-1280). She remained Countess of Flanders until 1278 and Countess of Hainaut until her death in 1280.
To facilitate trade, around 1270 Marguerite of Constantinople ordered her mints to issue imitations of the "gros tournois," the heavy silver coin that King Louis IX of France had first issued in 1266. The original portrait on the obverse of the gros tournois was retained, but the reverse was replaced by an armored rider (ridder). Hereby the first introduction of a rider was made in Western European coinage.

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