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Home     Graafschap Vlaanderen, AR dubbele groot 'Vierlander'
Graafschap Vlaanderen, AR dubbele groot 'Vierlander'

Graafschap Vlaanderen, AR dubbele groot 'Vierlander'



Graafschap Vlaanderen, AR dubbele groot 'Vierlander'

Philips de Goede (1419-1467)

Dubbele groot 'Vierlander', geslagen in Brugge of Gent tussen 1434-1466 (Eerste uitgifte). Vierlander verwijst naar de vier Bourgondische gebieden Vlaanderen, Brabant, Holland en Henegouwen.

Voorzijde: Bourgondisch wapenschild
Omschrift: PHS DEI GRA DVX BVRG COMES FLA.
Keerzijde: Versierd kruis met lelie in het hart, afwisselend leeuwtje en lelie in de kwartieren.
Omschrift: MONETA NOVA COMITIS FLAND

Vanhoudt H3

Article code: 11-1335

Available: -1


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Philip the Good (Philips de Goede or Philippe le Bon) became Duke of Burgundy after the assassination of his father John the Fearless (Jan zonder Vrees) in 1419. He was one of the most powerful and influential rulers of the fifteenth century.

In 1430 he created the Order of the Golden Fleece. For the order he chose his personal emblem: the fire-steel which later became a general Burgundian symbol. The emblem of the Golden Fleece and the Collar of the Golden Fleece has been used on many coins since then, it is a very popular design on Spanish coinage. Philip retained the coat of arms of his father John the Fearless, but replaced the single lis with a triple lis.

During his reign Philip tried to achieve a geographical unit and greatly expanded his territories by acquiring Namur, Brabant, Limburg, Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland and Luxemburg. To promote commerce and the economic development of his territories Philip the Good introduced a new and stable currency (1st  emission - Coinage Act, January 23rd 1433) for Flanders, Brabant, Holland and Hainaut. The name for the new silver coins 'Vierlander" refers to these four countries. The new system was based on the groat of Flanders and included the following coins:
Gold coins: Goudrijder (Gold Rider or Cavalier d'or) and 1/2 Cavalier d'or
Silver coins: Vierlander (double groat or patard), 1/2 vierlander (groat), 1/4 vierlander (1/2 groat) and 1/8 vierlander (1/4 groat)
Billon coins: double mite and mite.

With the 2nd Emission (Coinage Act - June 11th 1454) Philip introduced a new type gold coin: the gold lion.
The 3rd Emission (Coinage Act - May 23rd 1466) a uniform manufacture of the Burgundian guilder was ordered. In 1496 it was replaced with the St. Philippus guilder.

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