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Home     Graafschap Vlaanderen, AR dubbele groot 'Vierlander' zj
Graafschap Vlaanderen, AR dubbele groot 'Vierlander' zj

Graafschap Vlaanderen, AR dubbele groot 'Vierlander' zj



Graafschap Vlaanderen, AR dubbele groot 'Vierlander' zj

Philips de Goede (1419-1467)

Geslagen te Gent of Brugge (1434-1467)

Voorzijde: Bourgondisch wapenschild over het hele veld, klein leeuwtje in schild in het midden.
Omschrift: PHS DEI GRA DVX BVRG Z COMES FLAND.
Keerzijde: Lang gevoet kruis, centraal een lelie, lelies en leeuwtjes in de hoeken.
Omschrift: MONETA NOVA COMITIS FLAND.

3,29 gram/ Ø 29 mm
VH 3; VH H.3; VG&H 9



Double gros 'vierlander, struck in Gent or Brugge (1434-1467)'. The name Vierlander refers to the four Burgundian possessions (Brabant, Flanders, Hainaut and Holland) where the same type was issued.

Obverse: Burgundian arms covering the entire field, small lion in shield at center.
Reverse: Long cross with fleur de lis in center, lions and fleur de lis in alternating quarters.


Article code: 15-0304

Available: 1


Price: € 75.00

  • Specifications
  • Additional info
  • Related coins & artefacts
Period
  • Middle Ages
Category
  • Coins
Material
  • Silver
Coin type
  • Gros/Groot/Groat/Grosso
Low Countries coins
  • Vlaanderen
Status
  • Webshop
Philip the Good (Filips de Goede or Philippe le Bon) became Duke of Burgundy after the assassination of his father John the Fearless (Jan zonder Vrees) in 1419. He was one of the most powerful and influential rulers of the fifteenth century.

In 1430 he created the Order of the Golden Fleece. For the order he chose his personal emblem: the fire-steel which later became a general Burgundian symbol. The emblem of the Golden Fleece and the Collar of the Golden Fleece has been used on many coins since then, it is a very popular design on Spanish coinage. Philip retained the coat of arms of his father John the Fearless, but replaced the single lis with a triple lis.

During his reign Philip tried to achieve a geographical unit and greatly expanded his territories by acquiring Namur, Brabant, Limburg, Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland and Luxemburg. To promote commerce and the economic development of his territories Philip the Good introduced a new and stable currency (1st  emission - Coinage Act, January 23rd 1433) for Flanders, Brabant, Holland and Hainaut. The name for the new silver coins 'Vierlander" refers to these four countries. The new system was based on the groat of Flanders and included the following coins:
Gold coins: Goudrijder (Gold Rider or Cavalier d'or) and 1/2 Cavalier d'or
Silver coins: Vierlander (double groat or patard), 1/2 vierlander (groat), 1/4 vierlander (1/2 groat) and 1/8 vierlander (1/4 groat)
Billon coins: double mite and mite.

With the 2nd Emission (Coinage Act - June 11th 1454) Philip introduced a new type gold coin: the gold lion.
The 3rd Emission (Coinage Act - May 23rd 1466) a uniform manufacture of the Burgundian guilder was ordered. In 1496 it was replaced with the St. Philippus guilder.

Collection