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Home     Graafschap Vlaanderen, AR dubbele groot of botdrager
Graafschap Vlaanderen, AR dubbele groot of botdrager

Graafschap Vlaanderen, AR dubbele groot of botdrager



Graafschap Vlaanderen, AR dubbele groot of botdrager

Philips de Stoute (1384-1404)

Muntplaats: Brugge, Gent of Mechelen (1389).

Voorzijde: Zittende leeuw met banier van Bourgondië op de rug naar links.
Omschrift: +PHILIPP:DEI:G:DX:BVRG:Z:COM:FLAND.
Keerzijde: Lang gevoet kruis op een Bourgondisch wapenschild.
Keerzijde: +SIT:NOME:DOMINI:BENEDICTVM.

Vanhoudt G2635



Double gros or 'botdrager', mint Bruges, Ghent or Mechlin in 1389.

Obverse: Seated lion to left.
Reverse: Long cross over shield of Burgundy.


Article code: 15-0661

Available: 0


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The name 'Botdrager' or 'Botdraeger' refers to the fact that the sitting lion is bearing a banner or canopy on its back that was compared to a 'bot' (= pannier).

Filips de Stoute (1384-1404) or Philip the Bold, son of King Jean II of France was the founder of the Burgundian dynasty. He received the Duchy of Burgundy from his father as a reward for his courage at the Battle of Poitiers (1356). He married Margaret, heiress of Louis of Male, Count of Flanders. In 1384 he succeeded his father-in-law as Count of Flanders, Artois, Nevers and Rethel. He always regarded himself as a French prince, governed his vast realm from Paris and was seldom in Flanders.

In contrast to the policy of coinage debasements of Louis of Male, Philip the Bold restored the silver and gold contents in the Flemish coinage (1389-1390).

In an effort to avoid the Duchy of Brabant to fall to Luxembourg after her death, Joan of Brabant conferred all her possessions on her niece Margaret, wife of Philip the Bold. Between 1384 and 1389 coins were struck under Joan and Philip the Bold combined (Coinage Act between Brabant and Flanders of 16 July 1384). As a result of Philip's monetary offensive against Brabant, Joan of Brabant ceded the Brabant coinage rights completely to Philip in 1389.  Philip allowed Jeanne to strike coins again in 1392. On 1 October 1396, Jeanne ceded her privilege of mint to the cities Leuven, Brussels and Tienen.

Philip the Bold died in Halle (Hainaut) on 27 April 1404, he was succeeded by his son John the Fearless.

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