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Home     Graafschap Vlaanderen, Arras / Atrecht, AR maille
Graafschap Vlaanderen, Arras / Atrecht, AR maille

Graafschap Vlaanderen, Arras / Atrecht, AR maille



Graafschap Vlaanderen, Arras / Atrecht, AR maille

Filips van de Elzas (1168-1191)

Mintmaster: Simon.
Mint: Arras (Atrecht).

Obverse: Four ringlets in a double beaded circle. Inside two lilies opposed by the tip, accosted by a star and a crescent.
Reverse: Legend in double beaded circle, cross in the centre.

Ref: Ghyssens 101b.

Article code: 14-1204

Available: 0


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Philip I (Philip of Alsace or Filips van de Elzas), Count of Flanders, Zeeland and Artois (1168-1191), Count of Vermandois (1167-1183).
Count Philip was an important vassal to the King of France and related to the House of Anjou and the Kings of England and Jerusalem.
He defeated and captured Floris III, Count of Holland. In 1167 Floris III was ransomed in exchange for Flemish suzerainty over Zeeland. In 1180 Philip ordered the rebuilding of the fortress Gravensteen in Ghent. The citadel was erected to subvert the arrogance of Ghent's aristocrats. Philip was a patron of Chrétien de Troyes, French poet and the first novelist in the Western-European Middle Ages. His fifth (unfinished) novel 'Perceval, the Story of the Grail' is dedicated to Philip. Chrétien claimed to be working from a source given to him by Philip, adapting it into the "best tale ever told in a royal court".
Philip went on two crusades and was offered the regency of the Kingdom of Jerusalem from Baldwin IV which he refused. He took part in the Third Crusade in 1190. During the Siege of Acre (Palestine), he died of an infectious disease on 1st June 1191.

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