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Home     Nuremberg jeton 'Winged Lion of St Mark', Hans Krauwinckel I
Nuremberg jeton 'Winged Lion of St Mark', Hans Krauwinckel I

Nuremberg jeton 'Winged Lion of St Mark', Hans Krauwinckel I



Nuremberg jeton 'Winged Lion of St Mark', Hans Krauwinckel I

Period: 1574-1579

Obverse: Lion of St. Mark with Halo standing left, nimbate with both wings shown, holding the book of Gospels between forepaws. Star in the margin above the Halo.
Legend: S MARCVS EVANGELLIST GOTT.
Reverse: Imperial orb surmonted by a cross pattée within an ornate tressure, decorated inner circle.
Legend: HANS KRAVWINCKEL NVRENBER.

Diameter: 28,8 mm
Weight: 6,21 g
Mitchiner 1988: 430-431

Article code: 17-0309

Available: 0


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  • Post-Medieval
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From the late 13th century to the end of the 14th century, purpose-made jetons were produced in England, similar in design to contemporary Edwardian pennies. Although they were made of brass they were often pierced or indented at the centre to avoid them being plated with silver and pass them off as real silver coins. Throughout the 15th century, competition from France and the Low Countries ended jeton manufacture in England, but this did not last long. Nuremberg jeton masters initially started by copying counters of their European neighbours, but by the mid 16th century they gained a monopoly by mass-producing cheaper jetons.

This jeton is made by Hans Krauwinckel (1562-1586), master jeton maker in Nuremberg. His brother Damianus Krauwinckel (1543-1581) as well as his nephews Egidius (1570-1613) and Hans Krauwinckel II were all master jeton makers in Nuremberg. A sister of Egidius (Barbara) married Georg Lauffer, member of another family of jeton makers.
The name Krauwinckel is spelt in various ways.

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